Depression – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

Author: Knut Holt

Depression is a complex of psychological and physical symptoms. Low mood level or sadness is often the most prominent symptom. The common property of these symptoms is a decreased activity level in parts of the brain.

THE SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION

Depression may give one or more of these symptoms:

-Low mood level or sadness.

-Lack of joy or interest in activities that were joyful before.

-Pessimism.

-Feel of guilty of something without any substantial reason to feel so.

-Inferiority thoughts.

-Irritability.

-Slowness in the thought process.

-Slowness in interpreting sensorial stimuli.

-The slowness of digestion or other internal physical processes, and symptoms caused by this slowness, for example, inflated stomach, constipation or difficulties by urination.

-Slow physical reactions.

Depression can be a mild disease that only causes some annoyance in the daily life, but can also get very serious and make a person totally unable to work and unable to participate in social life. By depression of some severity, there is also a greater risk of suicide.

Depression can occur in all age classes. In teenager’s lack of interest in school work, withdrawal from social life and difficult mood can be signs of depression.

THE PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES THAT PRODUCE THE SYMPTOMS

By depression, there is a decreased amount of neurotransmitters in parts of the central nervous system, mainly deficiency of serotonin, but also to some extent of noradrenaline, acetylcholine, dopamine or gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA), or the nerve cells do not react properly to stimulation from neurotransmitters. A neurotransmitter is a signal substance that transmits the nerve signal through the junctions between two nerve cells.

Serotonin and noradrenaline cause nerve cells to send impulses along to other nerve cells and thus increase the activity in the brain. Deficiency of these substances causes slowness in parts of the brain, and that again causes the depressive symptoms.

The role of GABA is the opposite, namely to slow down some nerve impulses, mainly those causing anxiety and panic response. Lack of GABA causes higher anxiety and easier panic response. Yet, lack of this transmitter also seems to cause depressive symptoms. This is because a too high activity in some brain processes may slow down other processes.

There are many causes and subtypes of depression with different physiological mechanisms involved.

TYPES OF DEPRESSION

Depression is often divided into subtypes according to exhibited symptoms.

1. Monopolar depression and dysthymic disorder

By monopolar depression, there are pure depressive symptoms. Mild cases the of monopolar disorder that does not affect a person’s ability to work and to participate in social activities are often called dysthymic disorder.

2. Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disease) and cyclothymic disorder

In this condition, there are periods with symptoms of depression – the depressive phase, alternating with periods of elevated mood level with increased mental and physical activity – the manic phase. In the manic phase, the affected person also sleeps poorly and has concentration difficulties. A mild form of this disease is called cyclothymic disorder.

3. Manic disorder

This condition is characterized by abnormally elevated mood, by unrealistic optimism, by lack of sleep and by hyperactive behavior. Many psychiatrists think that this disorder is simply the same disease as the bipolar disorder where the depressive face has not yet occurred.

4. Depression with mainly physical symptoms

Sometimes the physical symptoms of depression are alone or dominant, as for example Digestive problems, constipation, difficulties with urination, slow response to sensorial stimuli or slow physical reactions.

CAUSES OF DEPRESSION

Two or more factors can have an effect simultaneously to cause depression. Depression can be an independent disease or a part of another disease. Depression is also divided into different subtypes according to cause.

1. Reactive depression

This disease is simply a result of psychological stress, physical struggle or mental training without proper rest or sleeps over a long time period. The training will simply wear out the nervous system or deplete the organism from nutrient necessary for the nervous system to work properly.

2. Endogenous depression

When there has not been any period of stress, straining or lack of rest that can explain the condition, the condition is often called endogenous depression. Inheritance is thought to be a part of the cause.

3. Depression by physical disease

Depression or depressive symptoms may be a symptom of the physical disease. This is perhaps the most common cause of depression.

Diseases often associated with depression are Heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, hypertension or Cushing’s syndrome.

Mononucleosis or flu may trigger depression that continues after the infection has gone.

By lack of thyroid hormones, hypothyroidism, the metabolism in the whole body is slowed down, including the production of neurotransmitters in the brain. Therefore depression is an important symptom of hypothyroidism.

4. Depressive symptoms as a consequence of unsound lifestyle

A general unsound lifestyle with too less exercise, too high consumption of alcohol, coffee or tea, too less of important nutrient and too much of sugar and fat may give depressive symptoms, as well as physical problems.

5. Postnatal depression

Women will often have a period of depression after pregnancy and birth of the baby Pregnancy and birth is physically and mentally exhausting, and may drain the body for the nutrient. This, in turn, can cause depressive symptoms

.

6. Seasonal affective disorder

Depression can occur in cold and dark periods of the year and go away in warm and light periods. Light stimulates brain activity, and lack of light is a causative factor.

TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION

Serious or prolonged depression is often treated with anti-depressive medication. Medicines used against depression generally increase the level of neurotransmitters like serotonin in the central nervous system, or they mimic the neurotransmitters.

The medications mostly used today increase the serotonin concentration by decreasing the removal of serotonin from the space between nerve cells. Examples of this medication type are Fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), paroxetine (Paxil), escitalopram (Lexapro, Celexa), sertraline (Zoloft).

By bipolar disorder in the manic face, heavy tranquilizers (neuroleptics) are used to stop the manic symptoms. By bipolar disorder, lithium salts are sometimes used to stabilize the condition and prevent a new outbreak of depressive or manic faces.

Psychotherapy is sometimes used by depression, usually in combination with medication.

Sometimes serious depression is treated by applying electric shock through the head, electroconvulsive therapy. The shock induces epileptic eruption of nerve signals through the brain and this gives cramps throughout the body. The cramps are alleviated or stopped by applying anesthesia before the electroshock. This form of treatment is controversial since it can cause memory loss and is suspected of causing brain damage. The possibility of brain damage is however denied by most psychiatrists.

By seasonal depression, light therapy may be useful.

Adjustment of lifestyle should always be considered by depression or depressive symptoms. Lifestyle measures can sometimes be enough to cure depressive symptoms before a serious depression develop. Lifestyle adjustments can be:

– To slow down a stressful life with too much work or activities.

– Enough rest and sleep.

– A good diet with enough of necessary nutrients.

– Some physical exercise.

– Meditation.

– Supplement of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, lecithin, amino acids and essential fatty acids.

– Stimulants like coffee or tea may help against depressive feelings in moderate amount. However, if you are a heavy user of these stimulants, you should cut down on your consumption.

There exist nutritional products in the market to help against depressive symptoms. These contain ingredients that the brain uses as building blocks for neurotransmitters, for example, amino acids and lecithin. They also often contain vitamins and minerals that the brain uses as tools to produce neurotransmitters, especially vitamin B6.

Supplements may further contain herbal extracts that trigger higher brain activity much like anti-depressive medications but may have fewer side effects.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/diseases-and-conditions-articles/depression-symptoms-causes-and-treatment-options-585132.html

About the Author

Knut Holt is an internet consultant and marketer focusing on health items. TO FIND natural supplements to help against depression, serotonin deficiency, GABA deficiency, hypothyroidism, mental problems, acne, skin problems, heart disease, hemorrhoids, rheumatism, and other common health problems, PLEASE VISIT

http://www.abicana.com/shop2.htm

120 Comments

  1. I have noticed you don’t monetize your site, don’t waste your traffic, you can earn extra
    bucks every month because you’ve got high quality content.
    If you want to know how to make extra money, search for: Boorfe’s tips best adsense alternative

  2. I have checked your page and i have found some duplicate content, that’s why you don’t rank high in google’s search results, but there is a tool that can help you to create 100% unique articles, search for: Boorfe’s tips unlimited content

  3. I’m gone to inform my little brother, that he should also go
    to see this website on regular basis to take updated from newest gossip.

  4. I simply want to mention I am just beginner to weblog and truly savored you’re web-site. Very likely I’m want to bookmark your website . You definitely have excellent articles. Appreciate it for sharing your web page.

  5. Hi! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My web site looks weird when viewing from my iphone 4.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to fix this issue.
    If you have any recommendations, please share.
    Appreciate it!

  6. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  7. Keep up the wonderful work , I read few content on this site and I think that your web site is rattling interesting and has circles of excellent information.

  8. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  9. You are my inhalation, I own few web logs and rarely run out from post :). “Analyzing humor is like dissecting a frog. Few people are interested and the frog dies of it.” by E. B. White.

  10. I really hope to inform you you that I am new to posting and really loved your work. Likely I am probably to store your blog post . You literally have great article information. Love it for expressing with us all of your url report

  11. I like this web blog very much, Its a real nice billet to read and receive info . “Perpetual optimism is a force multiplier.” by Colin Powell.

  12. I have been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thanks, I’ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your website?

  13. I really wanted to write down a small message to be able to appreciate you for some of the wonderful ways you are writing at this website. My extended internet look up has at the end of the day been recognized with good quality points to write about with my company. I ‘d tell you that we site visitors actually are unquestionably fortunate to live in a very good network with very many awesome professionals with very beneficial methods. I feel really happy to have encountered your website and look forward to many more entertaining minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for everything.

  14. Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I will certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this web site.

  15. I haven’t checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  16. Hi my loved one! I wish to say that this post is awesome, great written and include approximately all significant infos. I would like to see more posts like this.

  17. Very interesting details you have remarked, appreciate it for posting . “Never call an accountant a credit to his profession a good accountant is a debit to his profession.” by Charles J. C. Lyall.

  18. I truly enjoy looking through on this website , it has fantastic content . “It is easy to be nice, even to an enemy – from lack of character.” by Dag Hammarskjld.

  19. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done a formidable job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  20. Wow! This could be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Fantastic. I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  21. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  22. Good – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task.

  23. What i do not realize is in truth how you’re now not really much more neatly-appreciated than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent. You realize thus considerably relating to this matter, produced me for my part consider it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women aren’t involved unless it is something to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs great. Always take care of it up!

  24. Great ¡V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task..

  25. My husband and i ended up being quite comfortable Jordan could complete his investigations with the precious recommendations he got out of your weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to just continually be giving out techniques that others could have been trying to sell. Therefore we already know we now have the blog owner to give thanks to because of that. The main illustrations you’ve made, the simple website menu, the relationships your site aid to foster – it’s most unbelievable, and it’s really assisting our son and our family reckon that this theme is pleasurable, and that is truly important. Thank you for all the pieces!

  26. I conceive this site has got some rattling wonderful info for everyone :D. “Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm.” by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

  27. Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  28. Thanks so much for providing individuals with an exceptionally splendid possiblity to read from this website. It’s usually so superb and jam-packed with fun for me and my office colleagues to search your website no less than three times a week to see the latest issues you have. Of course, I am always satisfied with the excellent pointers you give. Selected 3 areas in this post are definitely the most beneficial we’ve ever had.

  29. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with a very spectacular possiblity to read from this site. It’s always so sweet plus packed with amusement for me personally and my office fellow workers to visit your web site at the least thrice weekly to see the newest guides you will have. And indeed, I’m just actually happy for the amazing creative ideas you give. Some 4 facts in this post are ultimately the most efficient we have had.

  30. I just wanted to send a brief word to express gratitude to you for those superb points you are placing here. My rather long internet search has finally been compensated with useful knowledge to go over with my relatives. I would say that many of us readers actually are rather endowed to be in a great site with many wonderful people with beneficial guidelines. I feel truly lucky to have used your entire web site and look forward to many more amazing moments reading here. Thanks once more for a lot of things.

  31. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently. I am quite certain I’ll learn plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  32. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  33. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  34. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  35. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with a very nice chance to read in detail from this website. It is always so nice plus jam-packed with fun for me and my office acquaintances to search the blog at the least three times per week to find out the fresh stuff you have got. And indeed, I am also usually fulfilled concerning the mind-boggling tactics you serve. Certain two tips in this post are rather the very best we have all ever had.

  36. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  37. It is really a great and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  38. I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  39. I and my pals appeared to be reading the best guidelines from your web site and all of a sudden got a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the blog owner for those strategies. All of the men are actually excited to learn them and have seriously been enjoying these things. We appreciate you simply being quite considerate and then for deciding upon variety of extraordinary useful guides millions of individuals are really desirous to learn about. Our sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  40. Good ¡V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task..

  41. I like what you guys are up too. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  42. I simply have to advise you that I am new to putting up a blog and totally admired your site. Probably I am prone to remember your blog post . You really have excellent article blog posts. Like it for discussing with us the best internet site write-up

  43. Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task.

  44. Hey here, just turned alert to your website through The Big G, and realized that it’s quite interesting. I will value should you decide persist this informative article.

  45. Hi there very nice website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds also¡KI am glad to find so many helpful info right here within the submit, we’d like develop extra techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  46. Good ¡V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task..

  47. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is great blog. A great read. I will definitely be back.

  48. Thanks, I’ve just been searching for information about this subject for ages and yours is the greatest I have found out so far. But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive in regards to the supply?

  49. Whats Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It positively useful and it has aided me out loads. I’m hoping to contribute & aid different customers like its aided me. Great job.

  50. Good post and right to the point. I don’t know if this is truly the best place to ask but do you guys have any ideea where to employ some professional writers? Thank you 🙂

  51. Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extremely splendid opportunity to read from here. It really is very sweet and as well , full of a good time for me personally and my office mates to search the blog the equivalent of thrice in a week to read the latest issues you have. Not to mention, I’m so always contented concerning the sensational opinions you serve. Selected two facts in this post are really the finest I have had.

  52. Thanks for all your labor on this blog. Gloria enjoys participating in internet research and it is simple to grasp why. Most people learn all of the compelling tactic you produce very useful information through the web blog and in addition attract response from some other people on the subject while our favorite princess is actually discovering a whole lot. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year. You are always carrying out a brilliant job.

  53. Thank you, I have recently been searching for information approximately this subject for a while and yours is the best I have discovered so far. However, what about the conclusion? Are you sure in regards to the supply?

  54. I have not checked in here for a while as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  55. I like what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my website 🙂

  56. You can definitely see your enthusiasm within the work you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. At all times follow your heart.

  57. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put in writing this website. I’m hoping the same high-grade site post from you in the upcoming also. In fact your creative writing skills has encouraged me to get my own blog now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings quickly. Your write up is a good example of it.

  58. I haven’t checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  59. of course like your website however you have to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to inform the reality then again I’ll surely come again again.

  60. I have learn some excellent stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much attempt you set to create this type of fantastic informative site.

  61. hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical points using this web site, since I experienced to reload the site many times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for a lot more of your respective fascinating content. Ensure that you update this again very soon..

  62. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite certain I will learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  63. I am very happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc.

  64. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  65. I wanted to send you one very little remark to say thanks a lot as before regarding the magnificent tricks you have shared at this time. It is unbelievably open-handed with people like you in giving easily all that a lot of folks could possibly have advertised as an e book to help make some bucks on their own, primarily seeing that you could have done it if you desired. Those inspiring ideas also worked to provide a good way to realize that other people online have the same interest really like my personal own to realize very much more in respect of this condition. I’m certain there are several more fun situations ahead for those who scan through your blog post.

  66. I am very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  67. magnificent issues altogether, you simply gained a logo new reader. What might you recommend in regards to your publish that you simply made some days in the past? Any certain?

  68. you’re in point of fact a excellent webmaster. The site loading velocity is amazing. It kind of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve performed a magnificent task on this matter!

  69. Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  70. hey there and thank you for your information – I have certainly picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using this site, as I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content. Ensure that you update this again soon..

  71. I do believe all of the concepts you’ve presented for your post. They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for starters. May you please prolong them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  72. I haven’t checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.